Indians being, well, “Indians” criticize a lot and Indian politics is usually the primary target of criticisms. I am not claiming that Indian politics is in great shape either but what I would like to analyze is the reason behind the bad politics (locally called dirty politics) happening here. So what is the first reason that comes to mind? Go and ask anyone here and they will point finger at corrupt politicians. To a certain extent it’s true but it is part of Indian mentality to pass on the buck hence the politicians again being Indians pass the buck back to the people telling that when people are given franchise they should select right people to rule so the buck never stops here.
Let us not just see this problem superficially and let us dissect the system and find the fault. Once the system is opened up you will find many problems but I’ll concentrate on only one of the problem i.e. the way in which we elect our representatives. The system followed here is called First Past The Post (FPTP) system which essentially means that to win an election in a constituency a candidate needs just one more vote than his nearest opponent. I know this system seems fair but is it suited for the Indian demography? Here is a statistic to ponder over: The present UPA2 government enjoys majority (‘Enjoys’ not quite literally) but it has only around 37% vote share which means almost two third of Indians didn’t vote for this government. So FPTP isn’t reflecting the voice of the nation in the parliament. Also our politicians are clever enough to make sure they get that one extra vote by dividing people (on lingual, communal, religious and class etc. lines) and don’t do good to entire population to win the nation’s pulse.
Ok so we have a problem then there must be a solution (I know there are answerless questions but that is in maths). Here is an alternative system called Proportional Representation System (PRS) which makes sure if a party gets some percentage of votes then it gets proportional number of seats. With this PRS people like Aravind Kejriwal and Anna Azare could have had major say in parliament but now what happens in case they contest elections is even if they get 5% votes(i am lenient here) it will be spread throughout India and may end up getting zero MP seats but with PRS it will make sure they get at least 5% MP seats. This is indeed something we should give seriously consider instead of passing on the buck.